Everyone knows that nuts are healthy. But the sweet, mild walnut with its typical taste truly stands out from the rest. And not sursprisingly so, as it holds numerous healthy ingredients like unsaturated fatty acids, but also important vitamins and trace elements such as zinc and potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and calcium.
Unfortunately, the human body can only take in small quantities of such salubrious elements at once. This explains why you should eat small portions of this energy snack, but do so several times a day. On the other hand, you should not underestimate its 65% fat content.
In lovely, warm summertime,
I wear a green dress.
But when the autumn arrives,
I do not wear it any longer.
Then I wear a dress of stone,
Even resistant to a hammer blow.
And when the nice Christmas time begins,
I even wear a golden dress.
Then the child undresses me
and eats me for the Christmas menu.
(D. LAUDERT 2003: Mythos Baum, BLV München)
The walnut comes from the Near East. From there, it spread over the eastern Mediterranean region, the Balkan region, and to Near and Central Asia. Since Roman antiquity it has also been popular in Central Europe, and moved to other continents as sea travel started. Nowadays, California is the biggest walnut-producing region in the world, with about 300.000 tons of walnuts a year.
Originally the walnut tree carried smaller fruits than today. But as humans cultivated apples, pears and ceps, they also grew the walnut to its current size of around 5 cm. At the present time, there are around 20 different kinds of walnuts worldwide. Walnut trees prefer rainy places with warm winters, reaching a height of 30 metres, and growing steadly until they are 60 to 80 years old – although some have attained 150 years of age!
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